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FOREX terminology

A

Aussie: A Forex slang name for the Australian dollar.

Ask (Offer): Price of the offer, the price you buy for.

ADX (Average Directional Index): Standard technical indicator that measures MORE

B

Broker: The market participating body which serves as the middleman between MORE Bid: Price of the demand, the price you sell for.

Bank Rate: The percentage rate at which central bank of a country lends MORE

C

CPI: Consumer price index the statistical measure of inflation based upon MORE Commission: Broker commissions for operation handling.

CFD — a Contract for Difference: Special trading instrument that allowsMORE

Cable: A Forex traders slang word GBP/USD currency pair.

Carry Trade: In Forex, holding a position with a positive overnight interest MORE

CCI (Commodity Channel Index): A cyclical technical indicator that is often MORE

E

ECB (European Central Bank): The main regulatory body of the European Union financial system.

ECN Broker: A type of Forex brokerage firm that provide its clients direct MORE

EA (Expert Advisor): An automated script which is used by the trading MORE

Elliott Waves: A set of principles for chart analysis based on 5-wave and 3-wave patterns.

F

Fed (Federal Reserve): The main regulatory body of the United States of MORE

Fibonacci Retracements: The levels with a high probability of trend break or MORE

Flat (Square): Neutral state when all your positions are closed.

Fundamental Analysis: The analysis based only on news, economic indicators and global events.

G

Gap: A difference between the previous period’s close price and the next MORE GDP (Gross Domestic Product): Is a measure of the national income and output MORE

GTC (Good Till Canceled): Order to buy or sell of a currency with a fixed MORE

H

Hedging: Maintaining a market position which secures the existing open MORE

J

Jobber: A slang word for a trader which is aimed toward fast but small and MORE

K

Kiwi: A Forex slang name for the New Zealand currency New Zealand dollar.

L

Leading Indicators: A composite index (year 1992 = 100%) of ten most MORE Limit Order: Order for a broker to buy the lot for fixed or lesser price or MORE

Liquidity: The measure of markets which describes relationship between theMORE

Long: The position which is in a Buy direction. In Forex, the primary MORE

Loss: The loss from closing long position at lower rate than opening or short position with higher rate than opening, orMORE

Lot: Definite amount of units or amount of money accepted for operations MORE

M

Margin: Money, the investor needs to keep at broker account to execute trades. MORE Margin Account: Account which is used to hold investor’s deposited money for FOREX trading.

Margin Call: Demand of a broker to deposit more margin money MORE

Market Order: Order to buy or sell a lot for a current market price.

Market Price: The current price for which the currency is traded for on the market.

Momentum: The measure of the currency’s ability to move in the given direction.

Moving Average (MA): One of the most basic technical indicators. It shows MORE

O

Offer (Ask): Price of the offer, the price you buy for.

Open Position (Trade): Position on buying (long) or selling (short) for a currency pair.

Order: Order for a broker to buy or sell the currency with a certain rate.

P

Percentage Allocation Management Module (PAMM): A broker-side system that allows investor to invest with MORE Pip (Point): The last digit in the rate (e.g. for EUR/USD 1 point = 0.0001).

Pivot Point: The primary support/resistance point calculated basing MORE

Principal Value: The initial amount of money of the invested.

Profit (Gain): Positive amount of money gained for closing the position.

R

Realized Profit/Loss: Gain/Loss for already closed positions.

Resistance: Price level for which the intensive selling can lead to price increasing (up-trend).

RSI (Relative Strength Index): Indicator that measures of the power of direction price movement by comparing the bullish and bearish portions of the trend.

S

Scalping: A style of trading notable by many positions that are opened for extremely small and short-term profits.

Settled (Closed) Position: Closed positions for which all needed transactions has been made.

SL: See Stop-Loss Order.

Slippage: Execution of order for a price different than expected (ordered), MORE

Spread: Difference between ask and bid prices for a currency pair.

Standard Lot: 100,000 units of the base currency of the currency pair, which you are buying or selling.

Stop-Limit Order: An order to sell or buy a lot for a certain price or worse.

Stop-Loss Order: An order to sell or buy a lot when the market reaches certain price.MORE

STP (Straight Through Processing): An order processing that doesn’t require any manual intervention and is fully automatic. MORE

Support: Price level for which intensive buying can lead to the price decreasing (down-trend).

Swap: Overnight payment for holding your position. Since you are not physically receiving the currency you buy, your broker should MORE

T

Take-Profit Order: An order to sell or buy a lot when the market reaches certain price. It is used to fixate your profit. Usually is a combination of stop-order and limit-order.

Technical Analysis: The analysis based only on the technical market data (quotes) with the help of various technical indicators.

TP: See Take-Profit Order.

Trend: Direction of market which has been established with influence of different factors.

U

Unrealized (Floating) Profit/Loss: A profit/loss for your non-closed positions.

Useable Margin: Amount of money in the account that can be used for trading.

Used Margin: Amount of money in the account already used to hold open positions open.

V

Volatility: A statistical measure of the number of price changes for a given currency pair in a given period of time.

VPS (Virtual Private Server): Virtual environment hosted on the dedicated server, which can be used to run the programs independent on the user’s PC. MORE

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